Sunday, May 3, 2009

simple web browser BY ~tahu_1oo~

aku baru belajaq buat klu nak dload la klu x nak sudah:))

Saturday, May 2, 2009

How to Take a Screenshot in Microsoft Windows


In Windows XP

Press the "Prnt Scrn" button.

Open Microsoft Paint. To do this, click Start > All Programs > Accessories > Paint. Click inside the white part of the screen.

Go to the Edit menu and click Paste or you can press and hold "Ctrl" and tap V.

Click File > Save As. In the box that pops up, change the "Save As Type" to PNG or JPG. Type in a filename for your image. Choose a place to save, like the Desktop, and click save.

You have now successfully taken a screenshot! If you want to send your image to somebody, simply attach the .png file that you just saved to an email and send it along. Alternatively, you can upload it onto the internet by visiting a site like and uploading it.

Microsoft Doesn’t Want You To Know - speed your windows


The Windows speed tips presented in this document are provided as

a courtesy to others. Products mentioned are within the scope of a

user's need, in our opinion, and may not be appropriate for you for

your home or commercial use.While we expect that the

information we present here is accurate and should be helpful,

we make no guarantees as to its accuracy,

applicability, or adequacy to protect your system or that the

information is up to date. We do not have experience with all the

speed tips mentioned on these pages. Products and techniques

mentioned here may not be appropriate or adequate for your

individual needs. If you choose to rely on information presented in

this document, you do so at your own risk.

Windows XP

extra trick for speed up for xp..try it...

Optimize Display Settings

Windows XP can look sexy but displaying all the visual items can
waste system resources. To optimize:
1. Click the Start button
2. Select Control Panel
3. Double-click the System icon
4. Click the Advanced tab
5. In the Performance box click Settings
6. Leave only the following ticked:
a. Show shadows under menus
b. Show shadows under mouse pointer
c. Show translucent selection rectangle
d. Use drop shadows for icons labels on the desktop
e. Use visual styles on windows and buttons
7. Finally, click Apply and OK

Speed-Up File Browsing

You may have noticed that every time you open “My Computer” to
browse folders that there is a slight delay. This is because Windows
XP automatically searches for network files and printers every time
you open Windows Explorer. To fix this and to increase browsing
speed significantly:
1. Double-click on My Computer
2. Click the Tools menu
3. Select Folder Options
4. Click on the View tab.
5. Uncheck the Automatically search for network folders and
printers check box
6. Click Apply
7. Click OK
8. Reboot your computer

Reduce Page File Size

Page file size is not constant by default. Due to this, the operating
system has to resize the file each time more space is required. This
is a performance overhead. All you have to do is to set the file size to
a reasonable limit.
Follow the steps:
1. Right-click My Computer, Select Properties
2. Click the Advanced tab
3. Click the Settings button under the Performance section
4. Click the Advanced tab
5. Under the Virtual Memory section click the Change button
6. "Virtual Memory" dialogue box will appear (also shown in the figure below)
7. Highlight the C: drive containing page file
8. Select the Custom Size radio button and give same values in Initial size and Maximum size fields:
If you have less than 512MB of memory, leave the page file at its default size. If you
have 512MB or more, change the ratio to 1:1 page file size to physical memory size.
9. Click Set, then OK buttons to apply the changes

Run Disk Clean-Up

Both Windows and application programs tend to leave temporary
files lying around on your hard drive, taking up space. A hard drive
that is close to being “full” can cause Windows to slow down or
interfere with efficient disk access and virtual memory operations.
If you surf the web a lot, your temporary internet files folder can
become quite large, causing Internet Explorer to slow down or
malfunction. Cleaning up unneeded files, scanning for disk errors
and defragmenting the hard drive can help to restore some zip to
your system. Try to run once a month for peak performance.
1. Double-click the My Computer icon.
2. Right-click on the C: drive
3. Select Properties
4. Click the Disk Cleanup button
(to the bottomright of the Capacity pie graph)
5. Select / check Temporary Internet Files and Recycle Bin
6. Click OK

Enable Direct Memory Access (DMA)

1. Right-click on My Computer, select Properties
2. Select the Hardware tab
3. Click the Device Manager button
4. Double-click IDE/ATAPI controllers
5. Double-click on the Primary IDE Channel
6. Click on the Advanced Settings tab (as shown in figure) The tab may or may not be available for each option. It is only available in Primary and Secondary Channels.
7. Set the Transfer Mode to "DMA if Available" both for Device 1 and 0
8. Click OK
9. Perform the same operation for other items in the list, if applicable.

Disable File Indexing

Indexing Services is a small little program that uses large amounts
of memory and can often make a computer endlessly loud and
noisy. This system process indexes and updates lists of all the files
that are on your computer. It does this so that when you do a search
for something on your computer, it will search faster by scanning the
index lists. If you don’t search your computer often, this system
service is completely unnecessary. To disable do the following:
1. Click Start button
2. Select the Control Panel
3. Double-click Add/Remove Programs
4. Click the Add/Remove Window Components icon on the left side of the window
5. This may take a few seconds to load. Be patient.
6. Look for the “Indexing Services” component in the list
7. Uncheck the Indexing Services
8. Click Next
9. Click Finish

Windows Vista

Windows Vista is a rather heavy operating system with many neat

features, but unfortunately they all come at a price. As a brand new

operating system, it requires a pretty fast system to run well, if not optimized.

Before you run out and buy a new computer just so you can run your

base operating system, check out these these simple ways to

speed-up Windows Vista and lighten the load.

Turn-Off User Account Control (UAC

Now, there’s a lot of talk about the new User Account Control
policy in Vista, and all I can say is that it annoys the heck out of 99%
of users and slows down normal computer usage. To turn it off,
the easiest way is to:
1. Click the Start (Windows) button
2. Select the Control Panel
3. Type in ‘UAC‘ into the search bar
4. It’ll bring up a search result of ‘Turn User Account Control
(UAC) on or off’
5. Just follow the prompts from there

Much better, eh? You might say ‘but what’s that got to do with
speed?’ It prompts you at least a couple times an hour and then
takes several seconds to figure itself out. Without these annoying
prompts, your productivity goes up, so therefore it’s a speed

Disable Unnecessary Graphical Effects

Vista is “sexy” because of its new aero glass transparency effects.
Here is how to enable and disable this new eye candy.
1. Click Start (Windows) button
2. Select the Control Panel
3. Double-click Click Appearance and Personalization
4. Under Personalization, click Change the color scheme
5. In the Appearance Settings dialog box, click Windows Vista
Basic, and then click OK.
Or, if you prefer a Windows 2000-style interface, click Windows
Standard, and then click OK.

Remove Spyware, Adware, and Malware

Have you scanned your system for spyware, adware and other
unwanted pests? 1 of 6 computers has some sort of Spyware or
Malware! They dramatically slow down your computer because they
use resources to generate popup ads, send spam, and often
interfere with the operation of good programs.
If you haven’t scanned recently, we recommend a free scan from a
good anti-spyware program. i prefer to use stand-alone, high
quality anti-spyware programs like XoftSpy Pro, which give us the
ability to scan and repair these problems in seconds.
FINAL NOTE: Recent testing has shown that stand-alone programs
do a much better job than the “all-in-one” packages (eg. Norton
Internet Security) at detecting spyware, adware, and malware.

Shutdown Search Indexing

Windows Vista Search Indexing is constantly checking the files on
your system to make their information available for quick searching.
This is helpful, but can severely slow system performance as the
average user doesn’t use the search function frequently.
To shut down constant indexing:
1. Click the Start button
2. Select Computer
3. Right-click on the C: Drive icon
4. Select Properties
5. Select the General Tab
6.Uncheck Index this drive for faster searching
7. On the next dialog box, select Apply Changes to Drive C:,
subfolders and files
8. Click OK

Disable Automatic Disk Defragment

Windows Vista uses an always-on defragment set up that isn’t that
necessary and will cause your system to slow down. Remember to
run a defragment manually once a month.
To shut down this feature:
1. Click the Start button
2. Select Computer
3. Right-click on C: Drive icon
4. Select Properties
5. Click the Tools tab
6. Uncheck Run on a schedule
7. Click OK

Clean Your System Registry

Of course, the fastest and easiest way to speed-up your computer is
to allow a software program to do it for you! Although you will find
that all of the adjustments in this book will speed up your system,
the most effective and easiest way to give your computer blazing
speed is to clean up your system’s Registry.
Your computer is like your car: it needs periodic maintenance to
keep it running at optimum performance. Installing and un-installing
programs, surfing the Internet, emailing, and other everyday
activities create a sort of “sludge” that builds up in your computer
over time, much like an automobile engine. After a while, it doesn't
startup like when it was new, it stalls unexpectedly, and performance
is sluggish on the (information) highway.
We strongly recommend running a free Registry scan to find out
how many errors you computer is hiding from you. Your computer
will likely have hundreds of Registry errors that are dramatically
slowing down the potential speed and performance.

Disable Automatic Windows Defender Operation

Windows Defender real-time protection against malware continues
to run despite having Automatic operation disabled.
In actuality, this built-in malware protector from Microsoft is very
poor at protecting your computer from external threats. You are
much better off using a 3rd-party software program like XoftSpy Pro for total protection :
To disable:
1. Click the Start button
2. Type “services” into the Start Search box
3. Find Windows Defender in the list of programs
4. Double-click on Windows Defender
5. Choose Tools from the top menu
6. Select Options
7. Uncheck Auto Start at the bottom of the window

Turn-Off Un-Needed Features

There are many new features in Windows Vista that are installed by
default that you may not need. These extra and un-needed features
can slow down your computer and take up more storage space.
Windows Features can be un-installed using the Windows Features
utility. Follow these steps to uninstall applications such as the
Windows Fax and Scan and many more.
To Turn-Off Some Un-Needed Features:
1. Click on the Start Button
2. Select Control Panel
3. Under Programs click Uninstall a program
4. On the left side menu, click on Turn Windows features on or
5. Scroll through the list as shown below and uncheck from any
feature you do not want installed.
6. Click OK when you are finished making your changes. The
features will now be uninstalled.

Disable Unused Services

Services are background processes which keep running waiting for
a response, so if you don’t use the application it still runs and
slows PC speed. The average user doesn’t need many running.
1. Click the Start button
2. Type msconfig in the Start Search box, hit enter
3. Click the Services tab
4. Uncheck the unneeded startup items (examples below)
Desktop Window Manager Session Manager - Provides Desktop
Window Manager startup and maintenance services. Uncheck to
Diagnostic Policy Service - Enables problem detection,
troubleshooting and resolution for Windows components. Uncheck
to disable.
Diagnostic Service Host - Same as above
Diagnostic System Host - Same as above
Offline Files - The Offline Files service performs maintenance
activities on the Offline Files cache. Uncheck to disable.
Terminal Services - Allows users to connect interactively to a
remote computer. Remote Desktop and Terminal Server depend on
this service. If you don’t use either of these, then you can disable the
service. Uncheck to disable.
Windows Error Reporting Service - Allows errors to be reported
when programs stop working or responding and allows existing
solutions to be delivered. Uncheck to disable.
After you are finished, click Apply then click OK to save changes.

Shutdown Remote Differential Compression

Remote Differential Compression checks the changes of your files
over a network to move them with as little bandwidth as possible
instead of transferring an entire file that has previously been moved.
Obiviously, the average home PC user has NO need for this service.
With it constantly checking for file changes, this service will greatly
slow system performance.
To shut down this service:
1. Click the Start button
2. Select Control Panel
3. Click Classic View on the left side of the window
4. Double-click on Programs and Features
5. Click Turn Windows Features On And Off on the left side of
the window
6. Uncheck Remote Differential Compression
7. Click OK

Shut-Off Windows Hibernation

Windows hibernation background services use a very large amount
of system resources. If you are like most people you don’t use the
Hibernate feature very much so you may want to disable it to give
Vista a performance boost.
To shut down Hibernation:
1. Click the Start button
2. Select Control Panel
3. Click the Classic View on the left hand side
4. Double-click on Power Options
5. Select Change Plan Settings
6. Choose Change Advanced Power Settings
7. Click the Sleep “plus” icon
8. Click the Hibernate After “plus” icon
9. Adjust your selector down to zero minutes
10. Click Apply
11. Click OK

Tuesday, March 24, 2009

peristiwa 13 mei

Peristiwa 13 Mei pada tahun 1969 ialah rusuhan kaum yang berlaku dan kemuncak masalah perpaduan di Malaysia. Tragedi ini yang mengakibatkan kehilangan nyawa serta harta benda dan mempunyai kaitan yang rapat dengan "Pilihan Raya Umum 1969" merupakan satu titik hitam dalam sejarah negara Malaysia.

Isu-isu perkauman yang menyentuh emosi dan sentimen menjadi tema utama sepanjang kempen pilihanraya yang telah menaikkan semangat kaum-kaum di Malaysia. Semasa kempen Pilihan Raya 1969, calon-calon pilihan raya serta ahli-ahli politik terutamanya daripada parti pembangkang, telah membangkitkan soal-soal sensitif berkaitan dengan Bahasa Kebangsaan (Bahasa Melayu), kedudukan istimewa orang Melayu sebagai (Bumiputera) dan hak kerakyatan orang bukan Melayu. Hal ini telah menimbulkan perasaan perkauman dan syak wasangka.

Parti Perikatan yang dianggotai oleh (UMNO-MCA-MIC) telah mengalami kekalahan yang teruk dalam Pilihan Raya 1969. Jumlah kerusi yang dimenanginya dalam Dewan Rakyat (Parlimen) telah menurun daripada 89 kerusi pada tahun 1964 kepada 66 kerusi pada tahun 1969. Parti Perikatan telah kehilangan majoriti dua-pertiga dalam Dewan Rakyat.

Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (Gerakan), Parti Tindakan Demokratik (DAP) dan Parti Progresif Rakyat (PPP) menang 25 buah kerusi dalam Dewan Rakyat manakala PAS menang 12 kerusi.

Sebab terjadinya Peristiwa 13 Mei 1969 adalah perarakan kemenangan pihak pembangkang. Penyokong-penyokong Parti Gerakan telah mengutuk dan menghina orang-orang Melayu semasa mengadakan perarakan di jalan-jalan raya di sekitar Kuala Lumpur.

Peristiwa ini berlaku berikutan pengumuman keputusan Pilihanraya Umum pada 10 Mei 1969.

Dr. Tan Chee Khoon dari parti Gerakan telah menang besar di kawasan Batu, Selangor. Beliau minta kebenaran polis untuk berarak meraikan kemenangan parti tersebut di Selangor yang menyaksikan 50:50 di Selangor. Perarakan tersebut menyebabkan kesesakan jalan raya di sekitar Kuala Lumpur. Perarakan hingga ke Jalan Campbell dan Jalan Hale dan menuju ke Kampung Baru. Sedangkan di Kampung Baru, diduduki lebih 30,000 orang Melayu yang menjadi kubu UMNO, berasa terancam dengan kemenangan pihak pembangkang. Di sini letaknya rumah Menteri Besar Selangor ketika itu, Dato' Harun Idris.

Dikatakan kaum Cina yang menang telah berarak dengan mengikat penyapu kepada kenderaan mereka sebagai lambang kemenangan mereka menyapu bersih kerusi sambil melaungkan slogan. Ada pula pendapat yang mengatakan penyapu tersebut sebagai lambang mereka akan menyapu ('menyingkir') orang-orang Melayu ke laut. Dalam masyarakat Melayu, penyapu mempunyai konotasi yang negatif (sial). Ada yang mencaci dan meludah dari atas lori ke arah orang Melayu di tepi-tepi jalan.

Perarakan kematian Cina

Di Jinjang, Kepong, kematian seorang Cina akibat sakit tua diarak sepanjang jalan dengan kebenaran polis. Namun perarakan kematian bertukar menjadi perarakan kemenangan pilihan raya dengan menghina Melayu.

Pada hari Selasa 13 Mei, Yeoh Tech Chye selaku Presiden Gerakan memohon maaf di atas ketelanjuran ahli-ahlinya melakukan kebiadapan semasa perarakan. Yeoh menang besar di kawasan Bukit Bintang, Kuala Lumpur. Tapi permohonan maaf sudah terlambat.

Rumah Menteri Besar Selangor

UMNO telah mengadakan perarakan balas pada pagi 13 Mei 1969 yang mengakibatkan terjadinya peristiwa ini. Hal ini adalah kerana perasaan emosi yang tinggi dan kurangnya kawalan dari kedua-dua pihak. Perarakan ini tidak dirancang.

Orang Melayu berkumpul di rumah Menteri Besar Selangor di Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz di Kampung Baru, Kuala Lumpur. Dato' Harun Idris selaku Menteri Besar Selangor ketika itu cuba mententeramkan keadaan. Rupa-rupanya, mereka yang berkumpul telah membawa senjata pedang dan parang panjang dan hanya menunggu isyarat lampu hijau dari Dato' Harun Idris untuk mengamuk. [perlu petikan]

Ketika berkumpul, cerita-cerita tentang kebiadapan ahli parti Gerakan tersebar dan meluap-luap. Jam 3.00 petang datang berita kejadian pembunuhan orang Melayu di Setapak, hanya dua kilometer dari rumah Menteri Besar Selangor. Terdapat cerita-cerita lain mengenai seorang wanita mengandung yang dibunuh dan kandungannya dikeluarkan daripada perut dengan menggunakan besi penggantung daging babi.Sebelum menghembuskan nafas terakhir wanita tersebut sempat memasukkan semula janin yang terkeluar itu kedalam perutnya.

4.00 petang dua penunggang motosikal Cina yang melalui Jalan Kampung Baru telah dipancung. Sebuah van membawa rokok dibakar dan pemandunya dibunuh. Pemuda-pemuda Cina yang dikatakan dari PKM dan kongsi-kongsi gelap telah bertindak balas. Mereka membunuh orang-orang Melayu di sekitar Kuala Lumpur. Rupa-rupanya orang Cina dan pemuda Cina ini lengkap dengan pelbagai senjata besi, tombak dan lembing berparang di hujung seperti dalam filem lama Cina.

Cerita-cerita seperti ini yang tidak diketahui sama ada benar atau tidak telah menyemarakkan lagi api permusuhan di antara Melayu dan Cina. Rusuhan besar terjadi. Perintah darurat dikeluarkan, semua orang tidak dibenarkan keluar dari rumah. Pasukan polis berkawal di sekitar Kuala Lumpur. Tentera dari Rejimen Renjer lebih awal dikerahkan menjaga keselamatan sekitar Kuala Lumpur.

Rejimen Renjer

Anggota FRU semasa rusuhan 13 Mei berlaku.

Pasukan FRU di keluarkan dari Kampung Baru dan askar dari Rejimen Renjer ambil alih. Malangnya pasukan ini terdiri dari orang-orang Melayu, Iban, Cina, India, Sikh, Gurkha dan lain-lain turut menembak orang-orang Melayu dan ini menyebabkan kemarahan orang Melayu semakin meluap-luap. Menurut laporan, ketua pasukan Rejimen Renjer dikatakan berbangsa Cina.

Pemuda-pemuda Melayu yang mempertahankan Kampung Baru dan yang lain-lain mengamuk merasakan diri mereka terkepung antara orang Cina dengan askar Rejimen Renjer. Beberapa das turut ditujukan ke arah rumah Menteri Besar Selangor.

Askar Melayu

Akhirnya Regimen Renjer dikeluarkan dan digantikan dengan Askar Melayu. Beberapa bangunan rumah kedai di sekitar Kampung Baru, Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman masih terus terbakar. Pentadbiran diambil-alih oleh Askar Melayu. Malangnya beberapa askar Askar Melayu turut masuk ke kedai-kedai emas Cina dan mengambil harta benda di sana. Ada yang berkata askar tersebut berpakaian preman.

Ramai orang Cina dibunuh dan dicampakkan ke dalam lombong bijih timah. Konon ada rakaman televisyen, beberapa pemuda Cina ditangkap, dibariskan di tepi lombong dan dibunuh. Bagaimanapun, sehingga sekarang, tiada bukti yang diedarkan mengenai rakaman ini.

Panggung Odeon

Pemuda-pemuda Cina dari kongsi-kongsi gelap telah bertindak mengepung Panggung Odeon, di Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman, Kuala Lumpur. Beberapa iklan disiarkan dalam bahasa Cina di skrin pawagam menyuruh penonton dari kalangan Cina keluar dari panggung. Penonton Melayu di panggung tersebut ramai yang mati. Ini termasuklah dua orang Askar Melayu yang tinggal di Sungai Ramal, Kajang.

Seorang polis bernama Rahim yang tinggal di Kuala Lumpur yang turut menonton wayang di Odeon terkena tetakan di kepala dan berpura-pura mati. Beliau masih hidup hingga sekarang. Akibat daripada tindakan sebegini, orang-orang Melayu mulai bertindak balas, dan dikatakan kepala orang Cina yang dibunuh diletakkan di atas pagar .

Abdul Rafai Alias bersama rakan-rakannya dari Semenyih yang datang ke Kuala Lumpur turut terperangkap dan terkejut dengan rusuhan kaum yang tidak disangka-sangka pada 13 Mei itu. Beliau turut melangkah-langkah mayat mereka yang telah terbunuh di atas jalan.

Khabar angin mengatakan Tentera Sabil dari Sungai Manik hendak datang ke Kampung Baru tetapi tersekat. Begitu juga dengan Tentera Selempang Merah dari Muar dan Batu Pahat tersekat dan disekat oleh polis di Balai Polis Kajang dan Cheras.

Ada 4 kiai di sekitar Kampung Baru mengedarkan air jampi dan tangkal penebat, iaitu ilmu kebal dengan harga yang agak mahal. Sesiapa yang memakainya menjadi kebal dan boleh terbang. Apa yang pasti, Askar Melayu juga telah menyelamatkan orang Melayu di Kampung Baru ketika itu. Mungkin juga ramai yang pernah mendengar kisah parang terbang yang terbang dan memenggal kepala orang Cina.

Namun rusuhan kaum tidak terjadi di Kelantan, Terengganu dan Pahang. Di Perak, Kedah, Pulau Pinang serta Perlis tidak ada sebarang pergaduhan. Negeri Johor dan Negeri Sembilan juga tidak terjadi apa-apa. Cuma ada sedikit kekecohan di Melaka. Di Betong ada tembakan dilepaskan oleh PKM.

Ada yang menyifatkan bahawa pergaduhan ini sebenarnya adalah pergaduhan "politik" dan bukannya perkauman. Kerana sebelum itu masyarakat Melayu dan Cina boleh hidup dalam keadaan yang harmoni. Seperti dinyatakan pergaduhan tidak belaku di negeri Melayu seperti Kelantan, Pahang dan Kedah. Jika ia merupakan isu perkauman, pastinya hari ini tiada lagi orang Cina di negeri-negeri tersebut kerana habis dibunuh.

Kesimpulannya, pergaduhan ini bukanlah rusuhan perkauman, kerana ia hanya terjadi selepas pilihanraya (perbezaan politik) dan hanya melibatkan orang-orang Melayu dan Cina di Kuala Lumpur sahaja.

Persepsi negatif masyarat Melayu terhadap kaum Cina juga berlaku kerana orang Cina merupakan majoriti menganggotai pasukan Bintang Tiga yang ingin menjadikan negara ini negara komunis. Selain itu, selepas kekalahan Jepun, MPAJA bermaharaja lela selama dua minggu dengan memerintah secara kuku besi dan ramai orang melayu dibunuh.

Angka korban

Angka rasmi menunjukkan 196 mati, 439 cedera, 39 hilang dan 9,143 ditahan. 211 kenderaan musnah. Tapi ramai telah menganggar ramai lagi dibunuh. Sebuah thesis PhD. daripada Universiti California, Berkeley menganggar seramai 2,000 orang hilang nyawa dalam peristiwa 13 Mei. [1]

Statistik tidak rasmi jumlah kematian:

  • Melayu : 86 orang
  • Cina : 342 orang
  • Lain-lain : 3 orang

kelajuan pc and internet

tyepe gpedit.msc/administrative template/network/qos packet scheduler/limit reservable bandwitdh

muncul 1 k0tak kt explain tab,kt setting tab pilih disable n apply


muncul kotak ini

klik:administrative template


klik:qos packet scheduler

klik:limit reservable bandwitdh

muncul kotak ini

klik:disable and apply


restart your pc

x rugi ar korang buat